General The arbitration procedure used to resolve disputes has three levels of
operation: the referee, the appeals committee, and the EGF rules commission. A player with a
dispute refers the matter to the referee in the first instance. The dispute may then be
referred to the next level up if either player is not satisfied with the judgement or its
reasoning. The next level may reject to resume a case if it considers the preceding instance's
judgement and reasoning obviously right and just.
Every effort must be made to discuss and resolve the dispute in a separate room, or at
least away from players still busy with their games.
Decision making considers the involved persons' point of views. Witnesses may be
Any decision made regarding a dispute at any level must be explained in clear language and
Decisions are made impartially. In particular, no attempt should be made to use positional
judgement in reaching a decision, although also the scoring rules are to be applied
In any particular dispute, a player may not also be a member of the body discussing the
dispute. No person can be involved as an arbiter at more than one level in the same
Referee Referees are required to abide by the following
The function of the referee is to inform players about the rules valid for the tournament,
to apply the rules, and to enforce them.
Players can ask to be shown the rules or be explained a digital clock, and in the first
instance a referee attempts to mediate or to simply clarify the rules. If this resolves the
dispute, no judgement is made and the matter is ended.
Player responsibility In the event of a dispute, the player has the following
A player should call the referee as soon as possible, and may not delay in order to gain
a favourable decision.
If the referee decides that the game in dispute should resume, but the player still wants
to appeal, then the player must inform the referee and the opponent that the game is played
under protest. When signing a result form, the player must state that the game was played
under protest. Failure to do so means that the player gives up the right to appeal.
Appeals committee If a player in dispute disagrees with a referee's decision, the the
matter can be referred to the appeals committee.
The appeals committee is formed of three persons before the start of the first round and
includes reserves. If there are fewer than three at the time of a dispute, then other players
must be co-opted to the committee to make up the number. If a committee cannot be formed, then
a game in dispute may be adjourned.
If it cannot meet in time before the tournament's next
round, then only the present member or members of the appeals committee arbitrate. For only
the purpose of making a next round's pairings, the appeals committee's decision is
EGF rules commission If a player in dispute disagrees with the decision of the appeals
committee, the matter must be referred to the EGF rules commission for consideration after the
end of the tournament. If the dispute affects titles or prizes, the tournament director cannot
declare winners or present prizes until the EGF rules commission has given a final judgement
on the matter